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You’ve just been diagnosed with a condition requiring surgery. Until very recently your options only included traditional surgery with a large open incision. Today laparoscopy is a safer option. Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgery that uses small incisions. However, it is typically limited to very simple procedures.
Minimally invasive surgical procedures avoid open invasive surgery. Instead, closed or local surgery results in less trauma. These gynecologic procedures can often be done vaginally or with the use of laparoscopic instruments. Laparoscopy allows observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device. This type of surgery is carried out through small incisions in the skin. These incisions allow access to the pelvis or abdomen. Smaller incisions result in shorter hospital stays, or allow outpatient treatment.
Laparoscopy can be done for the diagnosis or treatment of several diseases. Diagnosis of endometriosis, chronic pelvic pain, pelvic inflammation, or infertility can be done with a laparoscopic procedure.
Certain cancers such as ovarian, uterus, and cervix cancer can be diagnoses with this minimally invasive procedure. Fibroids, cysts, lymph nodes, or ectopic pregnancy can be removed through laparoscopy.
After your surgery, you may feel soreness at the incision site. This should go away after about 3-4 days. Recovery largely depends on your own health. Some people feel better and choose to return to work the next day. Others, take a few extra days to recover.
While you are still recovering don’t lift anything heavy or engage in any strenuous activity. This will give your body time to heal the incisions. Day by day you can begin walking more and more. Walking increases your blood flow and helps you heal faster. It is also important to maintain a healthy diet. If you feel sick, try eating bland foods and drink plenty of clear fluids.
You can take a shower during your recovery but avoid taking a bath. You may experience some vaginal bleeding. This is normal. You can wear a pad until it goes away. You can also use a heating pad on your belly to ease the pain.
Minimally invasive surgery has less operative trauma for the patient than an equivalent invasive procedure. Hospitalization time is shorter. Laparoscopy causes less pain and scarring and reduces the incidence of post-surgical complications, such as adhesions. Many laparoscopic procedures are considered to be relatively painless and, at worst, associated with mild discomfort. Complications are not common (only 5% of all operations).
Risks involved with laparoscopy are rare, however important to mention. Some risks of laparoscopy include:
Imagine major surgery performed through the smallest of incisions. Imagine having the benefits of a definitive treatment but with the potential for significantly less pain, a shorter hospital stay, and faster return to normal daily activities – as well as the potential for better clinical outcomes.
Laparoscopic Surgery is changing the experience of surgery, while surgeons and hospitals are re-writing accepted standards for surgical care.
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